The object of the Relay System is to provide the least complicated voting system coupled with the most representative electoral
system practicable. However the situation whereby a party has a significant percentage of votes nationally but has one, two
or even no seats has to be considered, especially in light of the results of the 2015 UK General Election.
In the 2015
UK General Election for example the UK Independence Party had 3,881,129 votes and the Green Party had 1,157,613 votes or 12.6%
and 3.8% of the UK vote respectively but both parties only had one MP each. This means that the UKIP member could have a vote
equivalent to eighty or more ‘Average’ MP’s Total Vote*.
Having a single
individual with such an overwhelming ‘Total Vote’ would be unhealthy for the democratic process to say the least
and therefore some sort of check should be put in place. With the Relay System this is called the Upper Vote Limit.
The Upper Vote Limit or UVL puts a ceiling on the Total Vote any single MP can have. The UVL is expressed as a percentage
of the votes cast because of the variations in votes cast at General Elections. A UVL for example of 3% would with the present
number of MPs in the House of Commons being six hundred and fifty, mean the maximum total votes any individual MP could have,
would be equivalent to that of twenty ‘Average’ MPs’ Total Vote. However as one of the two objectives of
the Relay System is to be the most representative electoral system practicable there has to be a balance to the UVL and the
balance is ‘Additional MPs’.
Additional MPs would have no constituency but would be allotted
when the ‘Total Vote’ of one or more MPs from a political party was curtailed by the UVL. For example with a UVL
of 3%, the UKIP MP with 12.6% of the vote would be allotted a further four Additional MPs all sharing the UKIP ‘Party
Any ‘Additional MPs’ should however have been subject to some public scrutiny
and should therefore been a candidate for that party in the General Election and their allotment made according to the number
of votes they received in their constituencies at the General Election in descending order and
not selected from a party list.
Moreover it follows that any party getting a significant
percentage of the vote but not winning a single constituency should also be allotted ‘Additional MPs’. Again this
significant percentage should be a predetermined percentage of the
votes cast. Were this for example 1%, which may appear low but is still equivalent to six times the ‘Average’ MPs’ Total Vote, in the 2015 General Election no further ‘Additional
MPs’ would have been allotted.
* An ‘Average’ MP’s
Total Vote is based on taking the total votes cast in the UK General Election and dividing them by the number of constituencies,
each of which has an MP. For example in the 2015 UK General Election 30,697,845 votes were cast and there were 650 constituencies,
giving a Total Vote for an ‘Average’ MP of 47,227 votes. This figure is slightly higher than the actual mean average
of all MPs Total Votes but is a reasonable estimate and easily calculated.